APA has been updated to the 7th edition.
During this transition period between the 6th and 7th APA edition, students should ask their professors which edition of APA style they would like used.
Librarians can help students with formatting citations in APA style but it is the course professor who will grade their finished work. It is always best for students to check in with their instructors to find out what their expectations and requirements are for citing sources.
The following resources are recommended by librarians for supporting formatting citations in APA style:
1. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 7th edition
2. NoodleTools citation generator (GCC library database)
Caution should be taken when using citation generators. These tools may provide citations which include errors, such as in capitalization or spelling.
To minimize risk:
Author. (Date). Title. Source.
Author: Specialized roles
Edited work example: Alessandria, D. R. (2020). Communication strategies for nurses. In A. Cantanzariti (Ed.), Public health nursing (7th ed., pp. 236-245). University Press. http://doi.org/10.1002/978111
What is the date of a work?
Date format examples:
(2019, June 26)
Retrieval dates are provided for unstable works that are not archived and/or when a work is likely to change over time. The majority of reference entries do not include retrieval dates.
Title format depends on the type of works: Stand alone or those that are part of a greater whole
There are two main categories of sources for works, those that are part of a greater whole and those that stand alone.
|Journal article||Journal and any applicable DOI or URL|
|Book chapter||Book and any applicable DOI or URL|
|Webpage||Website and any applicable DOI or URL|
If repetitive, source information may be omitted from a reference entry. For example, when the author and publisher of a website are the same.
Journal & article titles:
Journal titles are italicized. Article titles are not italicized.
Title case is used for journal titles. Sentence case is used for article titles.
Journal titles should be written as they are in the work. If the title includes an abbreviation reproduce it as is. Do not copy titles abbreviated by a database if that is not the official title.
Example of a journal source: JAMA Pediatrics, 37(5), Article e01522336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2019.05.006
JAMA Pediatrics, (italicized)
|eLocator||Article e01522336 (use instead of page range when present)|
It is seldom necessary to provide database information in a reference entry, because works obtained from academic databases are widely available.
DOIs & URLs
|DOIs, or digital object identifiers, are persistent links assigned to works by the publisher.||A URL, or uniform resource locator, identifies the location of a work on the Internet and is found in the address bar of the browser.|
|If a work, either print or online, has a DOI it should be used in the reference list entry.||Use URLs in a reference list entry for websites and webpages without DOIs.|
|If a work has both a URL and a DOI, use the DOI in the reference list entry.|
|For works from an academic database without DOIs, DO NOT include the URL or database information. An exception is the ERIC database which provides access to works with limited circulation.||For URLs that require a login, provide the database URL in the reference list entry and not the URL for the work. Persistent links to works from college and university databases are URLS that require a login.|
|Do not include the words "Retrieved from" or "Accessed from" before a DOI.||Do not include the words "Retrieved from" or "Accessed from" before URL. If the work is not archived and is meant or likely to change over time use "Retrieved date from url." Please note, the majority of references do not require a retrieval date.|
|Format DOIs as hyperlinks. Links should be live if the work is submitted online.||Format URLs as hyperlinks. Links should be live if the work is submitted online.|
|Do not add a period after the DOI.||Do not add a period after the URL.|
|DOIs in a reference list should all be formatted using the current, preferred prefix "https://doi.org/"|
All style information on this page is from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition.
All guides are available under the CC-BY-NC-SA license.