Whenever you refer to ideas, information, statistics, images, concepts, facts or anything else that you found from an outside source, you need to let your readers know where you found that information. Typically, this is done by quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing the information, and then citing the authors that produced it.
What's the difference between quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, and when do you do it?
Quoting - taking original section or text, word-for-word, and add it to your paper using "quotation marks." Tips:
Paraphrasing - translating a passage of text into your own words. Paraphrases are the same length or shorter than the original text. If you paraphrase material well, it shows your understanding of the source's ideas. Tips:
Summarizing - Condensing the main ideas of a source, using your own words. Tips:
In every case, cite the source in-text and include the full citation on your References page.