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Women & Religion

Ban Zhao (45-120)

  • Zhao is known for her efforts she made as the first female in historian in China
    • Also known for promoting the education of Chinese women
  • At age 14, she got married. Not long after, her husband died and she had to raise her children alone.
  • Later on, Ban Zhao became the empress’ adviser
  • During her lifetime, she wrote 16 books of poems, multiple narratives and many essays.
  • Today, she is recognized for her achievements in terms of the progress of female education in China


“Ban Zhao.Jpg.” Commons wikimedia, 9 Oct. 2006,


"Ban Zhao." Encyclopedia of World Biography, vol. 24, Gale, 2005. Biography in Context, Accessed 12 Mar. 2017.


Lindemann, Kate. "Ban Zhao / Pan Chou 45-120 Confucian Feminism & Ethics." Society for the Study of Women Philosophers. Society for the Study of Women Philosophers, 10 June

  1. Web. 10 Nov. 2016.

Madalyn Murray O'Hair - Atheist (1919-1995)

  • Known as the “most hated woman in America”
  • Her son was forced to read the bible and engage in prayer at his school
  • She took her disagreements to court in the case Murray vs. Curlett
  • Winning the case, it was put into effect that reading the bible and practicing in in public schools was illegal
  • She received large amounts of backlash for contradicting the religious beliefs of the majority of Americans
  • Her, her son, and her granddaughter were abducted and killed in 1995
  • Raised awareness and devoted her life to supporting alternate beliefs


LeBeau, Bryan F. The Atheist : Madalyn Murray O'hair. New York: NYU Press, 2003. eBook

Academic Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 11 Nov. 2016.


Light, Alan. “Madalyn Murray O'Hair.jpg.” Commons wikimedia, 6 June 2013,


 "Madalyn Murray O'Hair." Encyclopedia of World Biography, Gale, 1998. Biography in Context, Accessed 11 Mar. 2017.

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