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Define the Purpose of your Interview.
Research to find background information about the subject/ individual that will help guide your questions. Use Library Resources and Web.
Develop a question outline.
Keep in mind:
- Questions should be insightful
- Questions are tools to get information, input, or reaction YOU want from the interview
- Effective questions should draw out clear responses!!
Create 10 interview questions!
4. Set up
- Contact the interviewee by phone or email
- Give the interviewee a general idea of what you are seeking to learn from them
- Explain YOUR interview options with them -- in person, phone or email.
- Ask which they prefer and arrange a date/time
- Ask the interviewee if they have any questions or concerns
Before the Interview:
- Prepare a list of questions (prioritize- most important first) avoid bias, ask open-ended questions.
(Video on preparing)
- Review your background research
- Review the purpose of your interview
What to do during the Interview:
- Summarize answers back to interviewee (active listening)
- Bring a stiff-backed notebook and several writing instruments
- If you record interview, ask BEFORE doing so
- Balance note-taking with interaction
- Stick to the topic, but be flexible
Same rules of courtesy apply to email and phone interviews.
6. Follow up
- Be sure to thank the interviewee in person and in writing
- Write up your notes and thoughts right after the interview
- Offer for your interviewee to review your results and confirm the person is accurately represented