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NUR152: Nursing Theory & Science (Le, Stott, & Townsend)

This guide was designed to support students enrolled in NUR152, however, others researching nursing might also find the content useful.

Research intensive nursing program

  • Scientific basis professional practice
  • Foster nursing leadership & lifelong learning
  • Strengthen nursing contribution to enhancement of healthcare

Cultural project details

Information presented should include, but is not limited to:

  • At least 2 measurable learning objectives – what do you want your target audience (fellow students) to learn from your presentation? Should be RUMBA.  How will you evaluate learning?  (OK to evaluate & have prizes prn)
  • Traditional diet & its effect on health, Western diet influence & effect
  • Predisposition to certain types of illness
  • Response to and treatment of illness
  • Feelings about use of “western” medications , therapies
  • Alternative therapies commonly used in this culture. Description or demo, used for?,  benefits, risks
  • Response to and treatment of pain (e.g. stoic or demonstrative)
  • Death & dying, care of the deceased
  • NCLEX test questions
  • References

Race/ethnicity/culture - Definitions

  • Race - Differentiates people based upon physical characteristics and biological disposition and ancestry.
  • Culture - Learned behavioral and attitudinal norms: thoughts, beliefs, values & customs.
  • Ethnicity - Common ancestry, physical characteristics and culture. 

Global Road Warrior (library database)

*New immigrants & first generation 

Place of origin (geography, history & current conditions) General attributes, customs & courtesies (communication style, greetings, time orientation, superstitions & folklore, general attitudes, personal appearance)
People (demographics, language, religion, education, socioeconomic status) Health (disease risks, medical care, common beliefs, exercise & physical activity, diet & nutrition)
Lifestyle (risks from social behaviors, life cycle, family & social support, decision making, gender roles, recreation, sports) Stereotypes

Reference resources - Gale E-books (Gale Virtual Reference Library)

Reference books, such as encyclopedias and handbooks, are tertiary sources that help researchers:

1. Define your topic and provide an overview

2. Pick out words or phrases for further searching

3. Identify questions, problems and/or areas of the topic to research

4. Locate other references or sources of information on your topic.


Gale ebooks

Recommended Books & e-Books (monographs)

Monographs are secondary sources of information which add value by explaining, analyzing and commenting on topics in great depth.  

LC call numbers

  • R - medicine
  • RA - public aspects of medicine
  • RT - nursing

**Please contact Elizabeth,, if you have trouble logging into this E-book. 

Search Terms

What is the difference between keywords and subject headings?


Cultural competence Pain Death & Dying Alternative medicine
Transcultural nursing Suffering End of life Alternative therapies
Multicultural nursing Pain tolerance Death religious aspects Mind body techniques
Cultural diversity Pain threshold Morality Diet therapy
Intercultural communication Pain management Right to die Acupuncture
Cultural characteristics Attitudes toward death Holistic medicine
Race Death rituals Homeopathy
Ethnicity Terminal care Alternative treatment
Nationality Terminally ill


Cultural accommodation Mourning Occult medicine
Loss Traditional medicine
Grief Herbal Medicine
Afterlife Folk medicine

Find Books

Search for Books



Find Articles

Search for Online Articles



Periodicals - Scholarly, trade and popular

  1. Who writes for, publishes & reads?
  2. Why are they written? How are they useful?
  3. Where do you find or purchase them?

*Scholarly journal articles that do not report the results of research are secondary sources (for example, systematic reviews)




Scholarly research articles (original research)

  1. Publication information (journal details, date, article title & authors)
  2. Abstract (Summary of article sections)  
  3. Introduction (Study objective & Background information)
  4. Methods (Study design)
  5. Results (Data analysis & Tables/graphs)
  6. Discussion (Summary of findings, study limitations, conclusions and suggestions for further research)
  7. References

Peer review -

  • Research methods and findings are examined by experts in the field
  • Prevents the spread of unjustified findings, interpretations, or personal views
  • Legitimizes research which is then added to the larger understanding of the field

Recommended article databases

Online Articles search - video

Additional open web sources


ANA Listening Sessions on Racism in Nursing


Minority Health (CDC)

Racial Equity and Health Policy (Kaiser Family Foundation)

Criteria for evaluating open web sources includes:

  • Author
  • Date of publication
  • Publisher
  • Intended audience
  • Objective reasoning
  • Coverage
  • Evaluative reviews

Domain & site searching

Domain searches - Limit a search to a particular category of resources, including .edu (educational), .int (international), .gov (US government), (AZ government), .org (organizations), and .mil (military).

  • pain and Chinese
  • “pain management” and Chinese
  • “cultural competence” and Chinese

Site searches - Limit search results to a particular website. 

  • “cultural competence”

**Both types of searches need to be formatted as shown in the above examples.  

Quiz review

What are primary, secondary and tertiary sources?  What are examples of each?

What are scholarly, trade and popular periodicals?   What type of information does each provide?

What are keywords?  What are subject headings (controlled vocabulary)?  Which generally produces the most relevant results?

What is the purpose of the following Boolean operators?  Which will limit results?  Which will broaden results?

  • OR
  • AND
  • NOT

Will truncation (for example, steril*) limit or broaden results?  

Will phrase searching with quotation marks (for example, "infection control") limit or broaden results?

How do researchers benefit from using reference resources?

What is peer review?  

Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial, Share-Alike License Tag

All guides are available under the CC-BY-NC-SA license.