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Nobel Prize Winners

List of Nobel Prize winners and links to their works.

Physiology or Medicine

2022 Physiology or Medicine: for his discoveries concerning the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution

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2021 Physiology or Medicine: For their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch (NY Times)

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2020 Physiology or Medicine: For their discovery of the Hepatitis C virus (NY Times)

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2022 Physics: “for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science[press release]

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Their results have cleared the way for new technology based upon quantum information.

2021 Physics: "for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex systems"

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  • Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann "for the physical modelling of Earth's climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming"
  • Giorgio Parisi "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales"

2020 Physics: for their discoveries that have improved understanding of the universe including black holes (New York Times)

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2022 Chemistry: for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry

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2021 Chemistry: for their work on building molecules that are mirror images of one another

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2020 Chemistry: for their work on the development of Crispr-Cas9, a method for genome editing

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2022 Literature: "for the courage and clinical acuity with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements and collective restraints of personal memory"

2021 Literature: "for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fates of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents"

2020 Literature: “for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal”


2022 Peace: The 2022 Peace Prize is awarded to human rights advocate Ales Bialiatski from Belarus, the Russian human rights organisation Memorial and the Ukrainian human rights organisation Center for Civil Liberties.

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2021 Peace: Journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize ... "for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace."

"Ms Ressa and Mr Muratov are receiving the Peace Prize for their courageous fight for freedom of expression in the Philippines and Russia. At the same time, they are representatives of all journalists who stand up for this ideal in a world in which democracy and freedom of the press face increasingly adverse conditions." (

  • Maria Ressa -- Books, documentary film, and articles by Maria Ressa

2020 Peace: The World Food Program was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize ... for its efforts to combat a surge in global hunger amid the coronavirus pandemic (New York Times)

Economic Science

2022 Economics: for research on banks and financial crises

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2021 Economics: “for ... empirical contributions to labour economics” and “for ... methodological contributions to the analysis of causal relationships”

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2020 Economics: "for improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats — innovations that have had huge practical applications when it comes to allocating scarce resources" (New York Times)

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