Educational institutions may use copyrighted works as long as they adhere to the principles of Fair Use. But what is "fair use"?
There are four factors one must consider when conducting a fair use analysis:
1. Purpose and character of the work
2. Nature of the copyrighted work
3. Amount used
4. Market effect
Every case is different, and depending on the particulars of a given scenario, one of the four factors might weigh more heavily than another in determining whether use of a work is fair use or copyright infringement. Check with Maricopa's Legal Department (https://district.maricopa.edu/legal) when in doubt.
The Fair Use Doctrine:
"Educational Purposes" means:
"In general, students and instructors may create multimedia works for face-to-face instruction, directed self-study, or remote instruction provided that the multimedia works are used only for educational purposes in systematic learning activities at nonprofit educational institutions. Instructors may use their multimedia works for teaching courses for up to two years after the first use."
Guidelines for reproducing text for in-class, face-to-face instruction: