One of the oldest legally binding human rights treaties subsequent to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Focuses on civil rights and political rights. Signed and ratified by the United States. Status of Signatories and Ratifications
Acknowledges and codifies the rights to work, education, and an adequate standard of living, among other enumerated social and cultural rights. Signed by the United States but not ratified. Status of Ratification.
An international bill of rights for women, ratification obligates state parties to incorporate the principle of equality between men and women in their legal systems and to ensure protection of women against discrimination in society. Signed by the United States but not ratified. Status of Ratification.
Under this convention, TORTURE is banned under all circumstances, and countries are required to take legal and other actions to prevent the practice. Other types of cruel or degrading treatment, which do not meet the definition of torture, are also forbidden. [Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide] Signed and ratified by the United States. Status of Ratification.
The first international law to combine civil, political, economic, and cultural rights into one document, it acknowledges that, separately from their parents, children have certain basic rights. The most widely ratified international document in the world, the Convention sets forth standards for social services, health care, and education for children. [Governments of the World: A Global Guide to Citizens' Rights and Responsibilities] Signed by the United States but not ratified. Status of Ratification.
Seeks to protect the rights of regular (authorized) and irregular (unauthorized) migrants. Its poor rate of ratification is often attributed to differing interests among states, and particularly to the perceived conflict between providing protection to unauthorized migrants and extirpating unauthorized migration. [Immigration and Asylum from 1990 to Present] Not signed nor ratified by the United States. Status of Ratification.
First human rights treaty to specifically address the rights of persons with disabilities, the world’s largest minority, comprising some 15% of the world’s population. Article 1 states the inherent purpose of the treaty which is “to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities.” Signed by the United States but not ratified. Status of Ratification.